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Pygocentrus cariba (HUMBOLDT, 1821)

Black Spot Piranha

September 27th, 2015 — 1:23pm

Has been recorded from major river channels, smaller tributaries, and floodplain lakes, many of which comprise acidic, mineral-poor blackwater environments with brownish, tannin-stained water, although it has been observed to inhabit clear waters as well.

Many of its habitats lie within the Venezuelan and Colombian llanos, a vast, highly biodiverse system of tropical savannah grasslands, seasonally-flooded plains and forests covering an area measuring almost 600,000 square kilo…

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Acnodon normani GOSLINE, 1951

Sheep Pacu

December 10th, 2013 — 9:05am

Known only from the lower Amazon river basin, and possibly restricted to the Xingu and Tocantins watersheds.

Type locality is ‘ Rio Santa Teresa, a western tributary of upper Rio Tocantins, Goiaz State, Brazil’, referring to what is now known as Goiás state, central Brazil.

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Metynnis maculatus (KNER, 1858)

Spotted Metynnis

March 13th, 2012 — 1:20pm

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Serrasalmus brandtii LÜTKEN, 1875

White Piranha

March 13th, 2012 — 1:18pm

A number of sources state that S. brandtii can be identified by the relatively anterior position of the anal-fin origin beneath the first few dorsal-fin rays. However, images of specimens collected from the rio São Francisco, where it is the only member of the genus present, suggest that this is not always the case and this is also supported by the figure from Eigenmann (1915). No recent diagnosis of the species is available.

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Pygocentrus piraya (CUVIER, 1819)

Piraya

March 13th, 2012 — 1:18pm

Following Fink (1993), P. piraya can be distinguished from congeners by the following combination of characters: adipose fin with rays in larger specimens (vs. always without rays in other Pygocentrus species); branched dorsal-fin rays 15-18, usually 16 (vs. 14-18, usually 15); usually 7 neural spines anterior to first pterygiophore (vs. usually 6); vertebrae 36-39, usually 38 (vs. 35-38, usually 36). It can also be identified by colour pattern since it possesses distinctive bright yellow-orange pigmentation on the lower jaw, opercle and lateral body in life.

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Pygocentrus nattereri KNER, 1858

Red Bellied Piranha

March 13th, 2012 — 1:18pm

Famed as a rapacious predator capable of rapidly stripping flesh from bone and a danger to any animal entering its native waters, P. nattereri is among the most notorious freshwater fishes in the world. As a result, displays featuring this “bloodthirsty” creature are found in most public aquaria, grisly Hollywood movies have been released, and the species has become popular in the aquarium trade. Little of this infamy is based on factual evidence, however.

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Serrasalmus gouldingi FINK & MACHADO-ALLISON, 1992

Goulding's Piranha

March 13th, 2012 — 1:18pm

This species occasionally appears in the ornamental trade where it is sometimes referred to as ‘blue tiger piranha’

Following Fink and Macaht can be distinguished from other members of the genus by the following combination of characters: body shape deep and rhomboid; head robust, snout blunt; eye large; mouth moderate, jaw projecting; 1-3 ontogeneticlly var…

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