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Maintaining Fish Diversity In Thailand: Variations In Foraging Behavior
February 13, 2012
9:25 am
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Matt
Málaga, Spain
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Abstract

We examined foraging adaptations and diet among dominant fishes within two species-rich riffle habitats in Thailand headwater rivers during the early and late portions of the dry season. All species exhibited diel temporal variations in feeding activity. Some species fed principally during daylight, while others fed mainly during darkness. Feeding patterns within species were generally spatially and temporally consistent. All seven fishes exploited the same benthic prey, but their foraging activities were related to spatially distinct water velocities. Diets overlapped with Ephemeroptera and Trichoptera the quantitatively most important prey. Ostracods, while not a large contributor to diet biomass, were numerically important in the diet of Homaloptera smithi. Trophic diversification through diel temporal feeding patterns and microhabitat separation by water velocity are major tactics in maintaining high diversity in riffle assemblages in Thai headwater rivers.

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