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New Species – Dicrossus Gladicauda

Home Forums Fresh and Brackish Water Fishes New Species – Dicrossus Gladicauda

This topic contains 7 replies, has 4 voices, and was last updated by  Matt 9 years, 7 months ago.

Viewing 8 posts - 1 through 8 (of 8 total)
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  • #299476

    Matt
    Keymaster

    A new species has been described from the South American dwarf cichlid genus Dicrossus. Dicrossus gladicauda is so-named due to the filamentous extension on the upper lobe of the caudal fin. This feature also helps to distinguish it from D. filamentosus and D. maculatus . In D. filamentosus, the fin extensions are present on both caudal lobes while D. maculatus does not possess any extensions at all. Differences in caudal fin morphology also help distinguish it from two undescribed species thought to be of the same genus and currently named D. sp. “Rio Negro” and D. sp. ” Tapajos”. Here we go then:

    Male

    Female

    It is described from the lower Rio Atabapo drainage in Colombia and is also supposed to be found in the vicinity of Rio Reita near Cumaribom, Puerto Gaitan in Venezuela. This small tributary of the Rio Tomo eventually empties into the Rio Orinoco.

    Water parameters at the type locality: blackwater pH 4.4, conductivity 10 μS, hardness < 1dH temperature 24.4°C. Shallow water between 10-50 cm deep. Lots of leaf litter. Sympatric species: Hemigrammus bleheri, Hyphessobrycon stictus, Nannostomus eques, Paracheirodon axelrodi, Copella meinkeni, Apistogramma uaupesi.

    Biotope

    The info and pictures are taken from Schindler, I. and Staeck, W.Dicrossus gladicauda sp. n – a new species of crenicarinae dwarf cichlids (Teleostei: Perciformes: Cichlidae) from Colombia, South America.” Vertebrate Zoology 58 (1) 2008 67-73. Thanks also to Mad Scientist over at Petfrd.

    Attached files

    #305635

    dunc
    Keymaster

    That’s a pretty little fish

    #305636

    Matt
    Keymaster

    I would’ve thought it would be more likely to be related to sexual selection ie. mate choice than a defence mechanism mate. I know that experiments with various species of Xiphophorus have shown that given the choice females will tend to choose a male with a sword, even if those of their own species don’t have them. Could be something similar?

    #305637

    Daspricey
    Participant

    Nice looking fish!

    #305638

    keith565
    Participant

    stunning little fish. thanks for the info Matt.

    #305661

    Matt
    Keymaster

    Cheers guys, I think it looks lovely too. Apparently it’s been in the hobby for a couple of years albeit in small numbers. Not sure it’s made it over here yet.

    #305662

    dunc
    Keymaster

    Ahh yeah man that would make sense. That’s pretty awesome

    #305669

    Matt
    Keymaster

    As far as I know they’ve only made it to Germany. I always think it’s a shame Dicrossus aren’t more popular, an adult male filamentosus must be one of the most beautiful dwarfs out there.

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