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Labeo pierrei (SAUVAGE, 1880)

SynonymsTop ↑

Lobochilus pierrei Sauvage, 1880; ? Labeo yunnanensis Chaudhuri, 1911; ? Osteochilus ochrus Fowler, 1935; ? Labeo cheveyi Fowler, 1937

Etymology

Labeo: from the Latin labeo, meaning ‘one with lips’, in allusion to the remarkably thick, fleshy lips in members of this genus.

pierrei: in honor of “Pierre” who collected the type specimen, with no other information provided.

Classification

Order: Cypriniformes Family: Cyprinidae

Distribution

Known from throughout the Mekong river system in southern China, Laos, Thailand, Cambodia, and Vietnam, the Dong Nai river system in Vietnam and possibly the Chao Phraya basin in Thailand.

Type locality is ‘Vietnam: Bien Hoa Province: rapids on the Dung-nai’, which corresponds to the Dong Nai watershed.

Habitat

Mostly inhabits main river channels and large, deep tributaries. It undergoes seasonal migrations, moving upstream into the Sekong, Sesan, and Srepok rivers in May and June, at the onset of the wet season, and returning downstream during the dry months between November and February.

Maximum Standard Length

600 – 800 mm.

NotesTop ↑

This species can be distinguished by the following characters: juveniles with brown body and dark marking at base of caudal-fin; 37-42 + 3-4 lateral line scales; 11½ branched dorsal-fin rays; 7½ scale rows between lateral line and dorsal-fin origin; 20-25 predorsal scales; dorsal-fin relatively small with anterior branched rays shorter than head in juveniles, slightly longer than head in adults.

The genus Labeo is an enigmatic grouping containg more than 100 species which is critically in need of revision. Members occur throughout much of Africa and Asia, and they are considered members of the tribe Labeonini within the putative cyprinid subfamily Cyprininae or simply the subfamily Labeoninae (name varies with author). According to the most recent phylogenetic research, this grouping is further divided into four subtribes; Labeoina, Garraina, Osteochilina, and Semilabeoina (Yang et al., 2012). Among these, Labeo is included in the Labeoina alongside Bangana sensu stricto (which includes the genus Nukta), Cirrhinus sensu stricto, Cirrhinus microlepis (which is of a different genetic lineage to other Cirrhinus species), Gymnostomus, and Incisilabeo.

Thirty Labeo species were used in the study, and the genus was found to be polyphyletic, although all were nested within the Labeoina clade (Yang et al., 2012). Labeo boggutL. bata and L. bata var. formed a clade with Incisilabeo behriSchismatorhynchos nukta, and Bangana dero (the type species of the genus) and B. sp. Salween. All other Labeo species comprised a group referred to as Labeo sensu stricto which also includes Gibelion catla, and the authors recommended that the latter be synonymised with Labeo, although this does not appear to have been widely accepted (eg. Kottelat, 2013).

References

  1. Sauvage, H.-E., 1880 - Bulletin de la Société philomathique de Paris (7th Série) v. 4: 228-233
    Notice sur quelques poissons de l'île Campbell et de l'Indo-Chine.
  2. Freyhof, J., D. V. Serov and T. N. Nguyen, 2000 - Bonner Zoologische Beiträge (1-4): 93-99
    A preliminary checklist of the freshwater fishes of the River Dong Nai, South Vietnam.
  3. Kottelat, M., 2001 - WHT Publications, Colombo: 1-198
    Fishes of Laos
  4. Kottelat, M., 2013 - Raffles Bulletin of Zoology Supplement 27: 1-663
    The fishes of the inland waters of southeast Asia: a catalogue and core bibiography of the fishes known to occur in freshwaters, mangroves and estuaries.
  5. Rainboth, W. J., 1996 - FAO, Rome: 1-265
    FAO species identification field guide for fishery purposes. Fishes of the Cambodian Mekong.
  6. Roberts, T. R., 2007 - Natural History Bulletin of the Siam Society 54(2): 299-303
    Two southeast Asian species of the cyprinid fish genus Labeo, L. erythropterus and L. pierrei.
  7. Yang, L., M. Arunachalam, T. Sado, B. A. Levin, A. S. Golubtsov, J. Freyhof, J. P. Friel, W-J. Chen, M. V. Hirt, R. Manickam, M. K. Agnew, A. M. Simons, K. Saitoh, M. Miya, R. L. Mayden, and S. He, 2012 - Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 65(2): 362-379
    Molecular phylogeny of the cyprinid tribe Labeonini (Teleostei: Cypriniformes).
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