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Betta pi TAN, 1998

March 13th, 2012 — 1:18pm

B. pi is included in the Betta waseri group of closely-related species within the genus, an assemblage within which members share the following combination of characters: base body colouration clay yellow; opercle scales iridescent gold in mature males of all species except B. tomi; throat with black markings which join with black lower jaw in some species; no chin bar.

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Serrasalmus gouldingi FINK & MACHADO-ALLISON, 1992

Goulding's Piranha

March 13th, 2012 — 1:18pm

This species occasionally appears in the ornamental trade where it is sometimes referred to as ‘blue tiger piranha’

Following Fink and Macaht can be distinguished from other members of the genus by the following combination of characters: body shape deep and rhomboid; head robust, snout blunt; eye large; mouth moderate, jaw projecting; 1-3 ontogeneticlly var…

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Belontia hasselti (CUVIER, 1831)

Java Combtail

March 13th, 2012 — 1:18pm

This species is also referred to by the vernacular name 'Malay combtail'. In terms of external characters it differs most obviously from its only congener, B. signata by its overal brownish grey (vs. reddish) body colouration and presence of a mosaic-type patterning in the unpaired fins (vs. absence).

The position of relatedness of the genus Belontia with respect to other anabantoids remains somewhat…

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Betta persephone SCHALLER, 1986

March 13th, 2012 — 1:18pm

B. persephone can be told apart from other members of the group by the following characters: no lateral blotch; body blackish; dorsal surface of head posterior to eye sloping gently; no parallel vertical iridescent gold opercle bars; pelvic-fin falcate with white filamentous tip, remainder black to reddish; median fins covered diffusely with light green iridescence; dorsal fin-rays 9; anal-fin rays 24-27; subdorsal scales 6-7; lateral scales 27-29; predorsal scales 17-18.

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Betta smaragdina LADIGES, 1972

Emerald Betta

March 13th, 2012 — 1:18pm

This species is included in the Betta splendens complex of closely-related species within the genus, of which members share the following set of characters: head length short 22-31 % SL; often a brightly-coloured body; iris of the eye with iridescent green or blue patches; body elongate or slender; opercles parallel when head viewed dorsally; caudal-fin rays red or brown and contrasting with the iridescent interradial membranes; unpaired fins without an iridescent margin; opercle with red or blue vertical bars in males; dorsal-fin rays 0-II, 7-9; anal-fin rays II-V, 21-26.

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Betta splendens REGAN, 1910

Siamese Fighting Fish

March 13th, 2012 — 1:18pm

This species’ common name is derived from the tradition of keeping the fish in order to fight against each other in organised ’bouts’ upon which participants and onlookers place wagers. It has been extensively line-bred for vigour, strength, and the ornamental trade, and hybridised with the congeners B. imbellis, B. smaragdina, and B. mahachaiensis.

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Belontia signata (GÜNTHER, 1861)

Ceylonese Combtail

March 13th, 2012 — 1:18pm

This species is also traded/referred to by the vernacular name 'Ceylon fighting fish'. It differs from its only congener, B. hasselti, by its overall reddish (vs. brownish-grey) body colouration, and absence (vs. presence) of a mosaic-like patterning in the unpaired fins.

At least three putative phenotypes have been recorded. The nominative, and commonest, mostly inhabits clear streams in rainier zones…

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Betta simplex KOTTELAT, 1994

March 13th, 2012 — 1:18pm

B. simplex is included in the Betta picta group/complex of closely-related species within the genus, an assemblage comprising species with the following shared characters: unpaired fins rounded (anal-fin sometimes tapering to a blunt point); anal-fin rays I-III, 18-24; dark marginal band on anal and caudal fins, more pronounced in mature males; presence of pre-orbital and post-orbital stripes; presence of chin bar on throat; iridescent green, gold, or blue scales on opercle.

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Betta uberis TAN & NG, 2006

March 13th, 2012 — 1:18pm

The majority of records pertain to an area sandwiched between the lower Arut and Kumai rivers, south of the towns of Pangkalan Bun and Kumai in Kalimantan Tengah (Central Kalimantan) province, Borneo, Indonesia. Addditional collections have taken place in the Sampit river basin to the east, and several hundred kilometres further north in Sukadana district Kalimantan Barat (West Kalimantan) province.

Type locality is ‘Indonesia: Borneo: Kalimantan Tengah: Arut basin: Pankalanbun’, with the specimens having been obtained from the aquarium trade.

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Betta picta (VALENCIENNES, 1846)

Spotted Betta

March 13th, 2012 — 1:18pm

This species lends its name to the Betta picta complex of closely-related species, an assemblage of which members share the following combination of characters: unpaired fins rounded (anal fin sometimes pointed): I-III, 18-24 anal-fin rays; anal and caudal fins with dark distal margins, most pronounced in mature males; pre- and post-orbital stripes present; chin bar present; opercle with iridescent blue, green, or gold scales.

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