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Mystacoleucus ectypus KOTTELAT, 2000

November 11th, 2014 — 2:41pm

Known from the middle Mekong basin in Laos and Thailand, and may be endemic to the Khorat Plateau. Records exist from the Mun and Songkhram watersheds in northeastern Thailand, and a number of Mekong tributaries in laos, including the Nam Mang and Nam Kou drainages.

Type locality is ‘Nam Mang downstream of Ban Thabok, between 18°22’25″N, 103°13’30″E, and about 1 kilometer upstream, Vientiane Province, Laos’.

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Mystacoleucus chilopterus FOWLER, 1935

November 11th, 2014 — 1:38pm

Known from the middle Mekong basin in Laos and Thailand, including the Mun tributary drainage on the Khorat Plateau in northeastern Thailand, plus the Chao Phraya and Mae Klong watersheds in central and western Thailand, respectively. In the Mekong system it may also occur further upriver in Yunnan province, China, while the Khone Falls in Laos appear to represent its downstream limit.

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Mystacoleucus atridorsalis FOWLER, 1937

November 11th, 2014 — 12:41pm

This species can be distinguished from congeners by the following combination of characters: body depth fits 2.5-2.7 times in SL; 28-31 +2-3 lateral line scales; 14-16 circumpeduncular scale rows; 5-5½ scale rows between the lateral line and dorsal-fin origin; a triangular distal blotch on the dorsal-fin; a few body scales with crescent-shaped black edges; a thin dark margin on the dorsal-fin, posterior to the distal blotch; a dark posterior margin on the caudal-fin; normally a single pair of rudimentary barbels present.

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Metzia lineata (PELLEGRIN, 1907)

November 6th, 2014 — 12:32pm

Populations from the upper Pearl River (Nanpan Jiang basin) differ in several morphological characters from those inhabiting Guangdong, Guangxi, and Guizhou Provinces, and Hainan Island. Those from Vietnam also seem to be different (Gan et al., 2009), the implication being that there may be several species currently included under the name M. lineata.

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Metzia formosae (OSHIMA, 1920)

November 5th, 2014 — 8:16pm

Although it is included in the genus Metzia this grouping remains somewhat unresolved in terms of taxonomy and it may contain more than a single genetic lineage. For example, members share a number of characters with the genera Ischikauia Jordan and Snyder 1900, Hemiculterella Warpachowski 1887, and several species of Anabarilius Cockerell 1923, including a bipartite gas bladder, a non-spinous dorsal-fin ray, and a sharp ventral keel between the pelvic-fin insertion and anus.

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November 5th, 2014 — 5:33pm

This species can be distinguished from congeners by the following combination of characters: 18–20 (vs. 10-18) branched anal-fin rays; 49–55 (vs. 35-48) lateral-line scale rows; 33–36 (vs. 15-20) predorsal sca…

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Mekongina erythrospila FOWLER, 1937

November 5th, 2014 — 4:00pm

Endemic to the middle and lower Mekong River system in Laos, Thailand, Cambodia, and Vietnam. Its known range extends from Chiang Rai province, Thailand in the north to Kratie province, Cambodia in the south, and it occurs in several important tributary systems including the Sesan, Srepok, and Tonlé Sap.

Type locality is ‘Mekong River at Kemarat, Thailand’.

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Macrochirichthys macrochirus (VALENCIENNES, 1844)

Giant Sword Minnow

November 4th, 2014 — 8:18pm

It is thought to have been extirpated from the Chao Phraya and Mae Klong rivers, Lake Songkhla, and the entire island of Java due to a variety of anthropogenic factors, and the Mekong populations have also been drastically reduced. In particular, it is sensitive to pollution and gillnetting, and is heavily overfished.

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Luciosoma setigerum (VALENCIENNES, 1842)

Apollo Shark

November 3rd, 2014 — 3:21pm

There is a fish of unknown geographical origin which matches the majority of diagnostic features for L. setigerum with the exception that the dark lateral stripe is absent in the anterior portion of the body and is not composed of interconnected spots. It is relatively common in the aquarium trade and included here as L. cf. setigerum until a confirmed identity is established.

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Luciosoma pellegrinii POPTA, 1905

November 3rd, 2014 — 12:12am

The five species which currently comprise Luciosoma can be distinguished by elements of colour pattern. Popta described the colour pattern of L. pellegrinii as follows: body colour olive dorsally, with dark-edged scales, yellow ventrally; a lateral series of dark spots on the flank forming a midlateral band which extends onto the opercle but not the head; 4-8 blackish-brown, distinctly-separate spots on the lateral line; fins yellow; dorsal and anal fins with a blackish-brown band; anterior half of some pectoral-fin rays blackish-brown…

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