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Corydoras metae EIGENMANN, 1914

Bandit Cory

March 13th, 2012 — 1:19pm

Endemic to the Río Meta, a major tributary of the Río Orinoco in eastern Colombia and western Venezuela. It is known from several tributaries within the upper basin including the ríos Humea, Ocoa, Guatiquía (including its two branches the ríos Negrito and Guayuriba), Manacacias, and Metica (the name given to the upper Río Meta above its confluence with the Río Humea). It appears to be absent from the lower Meta and has not been recorded in Venezuela.

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Corydoras melini LÖNNBERG & RENDAHL, 1930

False Bandit Cory

March 13th, 2012 — 1:19pm

In the aquarium hobby, the population from the rio Tiquié has been referred to as ‘C084’, while a similar, but larger, form from the Río Huallaga in Peru is known as ‘C085’. Both forms have been marketed as C. sp. ‘mega metae’.

The existence of multiple, similarly-coloured species which coexist and sometimes form mixed schools is relatively common in the genus.

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Corydoras leucomelas EIGENMANN & ALLEN, 1942

Blackfin Cory

March 13th, 2012 — 1:19pm

There are currently over 180 described species of Corydoras (commonly shortened to "cory"), making it one of the most speciose of all South American fish genera. There are also loads of undescribed species, many of which have been assigned a "C number" for identification purposes. This is a very simple system of numbering and is similar to the L number scheme used to identify undescribed Loricariids. Both systems were implemented by the German aquarium magazine DATZ (Die Aqua…

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Corydoras julii STEINDACHNER, 1906

Julii Cory

March 13th, 2012 — 1:19pm

Native to coastal river systems south of the Amazon delta in the states of Piauí, Maranhão, Pará, and Amapá, northeastern Brazil. It has been recorded from the rios Guamá (including tributaries such as the rio Ararandeua), Maracanã (rio Peixe-Boi), Morcego, Parnaíba, Piriá, Caeté, Turiaçu (rio Jamari), and Mearim (rio Pindaré).

Reports from French Guiana and western Brazil appear to represent cases of misidentification.

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Corydoras imitator NIJSSEN & ISBRÜCKER, 1983

Imitator Cory

March 13th, 2012 — 1:19pm

Endemic to the upper rio Negro basin in Amazonas state, northern Brazil, and Amazonas state, southern Venezuela. One specific locality is Igarapé Muiá (00°09’03″N 66°48’10″W).

Type locality is ‘Upper Rio Negro, eastern Amazonas, Brazil’, which is thought to refer to forest brooks crossing the “new army road”, north of São Gabriel da Cachoeira municipality.

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Corydoras hastatus EIGENMANN & EIGENMANN, 1888

Tail-spot Pygmy Cory

March 13th, 2012 — 1:19pm

It exhibits slightly different behaviour to the majority of congeners in that it tends to swim in midwater and spends a large proportion of its time away from the substrate. Its morphology exhibits corresponding adaptations towards a pelagic existence with a relatively large eye, a more terminal mouth position, more strongly-forked caudal-fin, and more symmetrical body shape than most other Corydoras species.

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Corydoras haraldschultzi KNAACK, 1962

Mosaic Cory

March 13th, 2012 — 1:19pm

The original type locality is ‘Rio Guaporé, Brazil’, supposedly in the vicinity of Pontes e Lacerda in Mato Grosso state. However, this was modified by Nijssen and Isbrücker (1980) to ‘Brazil-Goias, Rio Tocantins, road between Pedro-Afonso (08°59’S 48°12’W) and Itacajá (08°18’S 47°45’W)’. This is confusing since the distance between these two localities is well over 1000 km, although it appears that the former is correct as per our image of specimens with locality details.

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Corydoras fowleri BÖHLKE, 1950

Fowler's Cory

March 13th, 2012 — 1:19pm

In addition, the colour pattern in aquarium fish traded or identified as C. fowleri is highly variable, but it is unclear whether such differences represent diversity within or between populations. Nevertheless, colour pattern is typically used to distinguish them, with fish from Peru possessing a greater extent of dark pigmentation on the body generally referred to…

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Corydoras gossei NIJSSEN, 1972

Palespotted Cory

March 13th, 2012 — 1:19pm

The congener C. seussi, which is also native to the rio Mamoré, has a similar colour pattern but its snout is noticeably prolonged compared with that of C. gossei, plus there are some subtle differences in pigmentation. There is a third variant which has been referred to as ‘CW069’ in the aquarium hobby and appears to be somewhat intermediate, with a short, rounded snout as in C. gossei but a colour pattern more reminiscent of C. seussi.

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Corydoras elegans STEINDACHNER, 1876

Elegant Cory

March 13th, 2012 — 1:19pm

This species is popular in the aquarium hobby and unlike the majority of congeners tends to spend a fair amount of time away from the substrate, often forming groups in midwater.

It has been placed in the unofficial ‘C. elegans group’, which contains a number of species exhibiting similarities in morphology and colour pattern, some of which remain unidentified in scientific terms.

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