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Satanoperca jurupari (HECKEL, 1840)

Demon Eartheater

March 13th, 2012 — 1:19pm

S. jurupari is also known as ‘demon fish’, ‘jurupari earth eater’, ‘green horse face’, or simply ‘jurupari’ in the aquarium hobby.

It can be distinguished from other members of the genus by the following combination of characters: presence of a relatively small dark ocellus on the upper caudal-fin base; absence of well-defined dark blot…

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Cleithracara maronii (STEINDACHNER, 1881)

Keyhole Cichlid

March 13th, 2012 — 1:18pm

This species can be told apart from relatives by the characteristic ‘keyhole’ shaped marking on each side of the body.

It’s one of few fishes in which the current generic name is derived from the common name popularised in the aquarium hobby with ‘Cleithracara‘ a combination of the Greek kleithron, meaning lock, and, acará, the Guaraní word for cichlids.

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Mikrogeophagus altispinosus (HASEMAN, 1911)

Bolivian Ram

March 13th, 2012 — 1:18pm

This species appears endemic to the upper rio Madeira basin in Bolivia and Brazil.

Records exist from the Río Mamoré and Río Guaporé drainages in Bolivia (where the Guaporé is known as the Iténez) and Brazil plus the upper Río Orthon (ríos Tahuamanu and Manuripi).

Type locality is ‘sand-bank in the Rio Marm…

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Laetacara curviceps (AHL, 1924)

Dwarf Flag Cichlid

March 13th, 2012 — 1:18pm

Native to the lower Amazon river basin in Brazil with some populations exhibiting differences in colour pattern to one another, particularly in respect of the degree of red and blue pigmentation on the body and fins.

Type locality is given simply as ‘Amazon River, Brazil’.

Field observations suggest it to display a pref…

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Laetacara dorsigera (HECKEL, 1840)

Redbreast Acara

March 13th, 2012 — 1:18pm

Wild fish are probably foragers feeding on algae, organic detritus, small insects, worms, crustaceans, and other zooplankton.

In the aquarium it’s easily-fed but the best condition and colours offer regular meals of small live and frozen foods such as bloodworm, Daphnia, and Artemia, alongside good quality dried flakes and granules, at least some of which should include additional plant or algal content.

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Etroplus maculatus (BLOCH, 1795)

Orange Chromide

March 13th, 2012 — 1:18pm

Wild examples are rarely-seen in the aquarium hobby although selectively-bred ornamental strains are widely-available for which care is identical.

These are normally traded as ‘red’ or ‘yellow’ chromide and have a solid yellow-orange colour pattern with no dark elements.

It exhibits a widespread sympatry with the con…

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Etroplus suratensis (BLOCH, 1790)

Green Chromide

March 13th, 2012 — 1:18pm

This species is euryhaline and mostly inhabits brackish estuaries, coastal lagoons and the lower reaches of rivers.

It also occurs in freshwater habitats, however, including a number of inland lakes in Sri Lanka although it appears to have been introduced intentionally.

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Apistogramma macmasteri KULLANDER, 1979

March 13th, 2012 — 1:18pm

The genus Apistogramma is among the most speciose of South American cichlid genera with around 70 species valid at present but many more awaiting description. In addition many species exist in two or more geographical colour forms which may or may not turn out to be distinct in the future. Hobbyists tend to label these with collection data if available in order to avoid mixing them and the potential of hybridisation.

Member species have also been organised into a series of species lineages, complexes and groups by authors in order to better separate them.

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Apistogramma nijsseni KULLANDER, 1979

March 13th, 2012 — 1:18pm

The genus Apistogramma is among the most speciose of South American cichlid genera with around 70 species valid at present but many more awaiting description. In addition many species exist in two or more geographical colour forms which may or may not turn out to be distinct in the future. Hobbyists tend to label these with collection data if available in order to avoid mixing them and the potential of hybridisation.

Member species have also been organised into a series of species lineages, complexes and groups by authors in order to better separate them. Such lists have been augmented by fish that have appeared in the aquarium trade and are in a state of near-constant flux

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Apistogramma borellii (REGAN, 1906)

Umbrella Cichlid

March 13th, 2012 — 1:18pm

Numerous ornamental forms of this species have been selectively-bred for the aquarium trade. It has also been assigned the ‘A’ number A234 under the DATZ system with possibly conspecific, related forms similarly numbered A103, A104, and A105 depending on locality.

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