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Pethia ticto (HAMILTON, 1822)

Ticto Barb

March 13th, 2012 — 1:19pm

Apparently most abundant in shallow streams and minor tributaries, sometimes at relatively high altitudes, and apparently shows a preference for substrates of mud or silt. Given the extent of its range it would seem sensible to assume that it inhabits various habitat-types which also vary in water depth, flow, and turbidity depending on the time of year.

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Pethia nigrofasciata (GÜNTHER, 1868)

Black Ruby Barb

March 13th, 2012 — 1:19pm

Little sun is able to penetrate the forest floor so aquatic habitats are shaded and water temperature may be relatively cool, while conductivity and hardness are generally low and pH slightly acid. Macrophytes are uncommon though there may be dense, marginal vegetation, sometimes overhanging the full width of the stream, the roots of which may penetrate the banks underwater. Typical substrates are sandy but covered by a layer of leaf litter with fallen twigs and branches.

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Oliotius oligolepis (BLEEKER, 1853)

Checkered Barb

March 13th, 2012 — 1:18pm

This species is also traded as ‘checker barb’, ‘checkerboard barb’, or ‘island barb’, and is among the most ubiquitous species available in the aquarium trade. It is farmed commercially in enormous numbers with wild examples rarely, if ever, available.

It was formerly included in the polyphyletic catch-all genus Puntius which contained over 100 species, but this situation has been largely resolved since the turn of the century.

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Puntius titteya DERANIYAGALA, 1929

Cherry Barb

March 13th, 2012 — 1:18pm

As of 2006 only 4.6% of the old forest was left with the remainder existing only in small, highly-fragmented patches, most covering areas less than 10 km², of which some are now officially-protected reserves. Kottawa Forest is one of these and comprises just 15-20 hectares of wet, evergreen jungle, though the combined Kottawa-Kombala forest covers around 1600 ha. A number of minor, pristine streams…

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Puntigrus tetrazona (BLEEKER, 1855)

Tiger Barb

March 13th, 2012 — 1:18pm

P. tetrazona is traditionally considered to be among the most ubiquitous species available in the aquarium trade. Wild examples are rarely traded, however, and there exists ongoing confusion as to the identity of the commercially-produced ‘aquarium’ tiger barb.

A number of selectively-bred, ornamental strains are available. The albino, ‘green’ (aka ‘moss’), and ‘golden’ (leucistic) variants are particularly pop…

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Brevibora cheeya LIAO & TAN, 2011

March 13th, 2012 — 1:18pm

This species is very rare in the trade and is normally imported only as bycatch among shipments of other fishes.

It can be told apart from its well-known congener B. dorsiocellata by a combination of characters as follows: lateral line complete (25-30 pored scales vs. 4-9); more scales in the lateral row (29-32 vs. 25-27); larger adult siz…

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Dawkinsia arulius (JERDON, 1849)

March 13th, 2012 — 1:18pm

The fish appearing in the majority of earlier literature as P. arulius or ‘arulius barb’, and often still traded as such, is the related D. tambraparniei. Though similar the latter can be told apart from D. arulius by possession of filamentous extensions to the dorsal-fin rays in males, longer maxillary barbels measuring > ½ eye diameter, i.e., 2.4 – 4.7 % SL, and some aspects of colour pattern.

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'Barbus' fasciolatus GÜNTHER, 1868

African Banded Barb

March 13th, 2012 — 1:18pm

For many years this species was imported and sold as Barbus/Barbodes barilioides, now recognised as a junior synonym of ‘B.fasciolatus, and is sometimes called the Blue Banded or Angola Barb.

It’s an exceptionally attractive little fish when in good condition but like all African barbs is quite rare in the hobby due to sporadic exports from the countries in which it is found. Distinguishing features include 25-30 late…

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Trigonostigma heteromorpha (DUNCKER, 1904)

Harlequin

March 13th, 2012 — 1:18pm

T. heteromorpha was first exported for aquaria in the early 1900s and has gone on to become one of the most familiar, enduring species in the hobby. It has suffered as a result of its popularity to a certain extent with the mass-produced fish we see today lacking much of the colour seen in wild specimens and even exhibiting morphological deformities in some cases.

Several selectively-bred ornamental strains have also…

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Tanichthys albonubes LIN, 1932

White Cloud Mountain Minnow

March 13th, 2012 — 1:18pm

One of the most ubiquitous species in the hobby and several ornamental strains are available including ‘long-finned’, ‘golden’, ‘albino’, and ‘super red’, for which care is identical to that of the ‘standard’ fish.

Unfortunately the degree of inbreeding amongst farm-bred stock has resulted in a situation whereby many of the fish available today are genetically weak and prone to disease or develop physical deformities.

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