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Hampala dispar SMITH, 1934

Spotted Hampala Barb

March 13th, 2012 — 1:24pm

The genus currently contains seven species of which H. macrolepidota and, to a lesser extent, H. dispar are the only ones seen with any regularity in the aquarium trade. As well as having the widest distribution H. macrolepidota is also the largest member of the group. All representatives can appear superficially similar at first glance, the exception being H. lopezi which is endemic to a single island in The Philippines and displays a unique lateral band-like marking on the flanks.

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Bagrichthys majusculus NG, 2002

White-Whisker Lancer

March 13th, 2012 — 1:21pm

The vernacular name ‘lancer’ is derived from the extended dorsal spine possessed by several members of the genus, which currently contains 7 species. Among them B. majusculus is most similar to B. macracanthus and B. vaillantii but can be told apart from both by possession of longer pectoral-fin spines (length 15.8 – 20.7 % SL vs. 11.5 – 16.2 %), from the former by possession of a larger adipose fi…

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Hemibagrus wyckioides (FANG & CHAUX, 1949)

Asian Red Tailed Catfish

March 13th, 2012 — 1:21pm

Juvenile specimens are sometimes available in the aquarium trade although their purchase is strongly discouraged, and this species probably shouldn’t ‚ be considered a home aquarium‚ subject at all given its eventual size plus the fact it can live for‚ several decades.

H. wyckioides can be told apart from mos…

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Barbonymus altus (GÜNTHER, 1868)

Red-tailed Tinfoil Barb

March 13th, 2012 — 1:21pm

This is one of two species sold with the common/trade name of "tinfoil barb", the other being the more widely-recognised B. schwanenfeldii. Despite this it appears that B. altus is just as widely available as B. schwanenfeldii and in many cases is seen on sale more regularly. Unfortunately both are usually offered at a small size (usually around 2 – 3"/5 – 7.5cm) with little to no information regarding the eventual size of the fish. Although B. altus is the …

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Yasuhikotakia modesta (BLEEKER, 1864)

Redtail Loach

March 13th, 2012 — 1:20pm

This species is one of the more commonly-encountered botiids in the hobby and is also sold as ‘blue’, ‘orange-finned’, or ‘red-finned’ botia/loach. It’s sometimes subject to artificial colouring with bright blue or purple dyes and we strongly recommend you do not purchase such fish (they’re illegal in several countries).

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Yasuhikotakia lecontei (FOWLER, 1937)

Silver Loach

March 13th, 2012 — 1:20pm

This species is sometimes confused with Y. modesta though in reality the two are readily distinguishable from one another by body shape since Y. lecontei is a slimmer, more elongate fish.

Further, in Y. lecontei the overall body colouration is usually brownish with a gold/green sheen and the dark markings…

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Yasuhikotakia morleti (TIRANT, 1855)

Skunk Loach

March 13th, 2012 — 1:20pm

This species is common in the hobby and also sold as 'skunk botia' or 'Hora's loach', the latter in reference to Botia horae Smith, 1931, currently considered a synonym of Y. morleti. It's similar in appearance to the rarely-seen Y. longidorsalis but can be told apart by the fact it has a dark stripe running over the dorsal surface (this giving rise to the vernacular name 'skunk loach') which is lacking in its relative.

The two can be further separated…

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Trichopsis pumila (ARNOLD, 1936)

Sparkling Gourami

March 13th, 2012 — 1:18pm

It can be distinguished from congeners by its small adult size and presence of a single solid dark midlateral stripe on the body, above which is a series of dark blotches forming a second stripe. In the similar but larger, T. schalleri the upper stripe is more variable depending on the mood of the fish, sometimes fading entirely.

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Betta smaragdina LADIGES, 1972

Emerald Betta

March 13th, 2012 — 1:18pm

This species is included in the Betta splendens complex of closely-related species within the genus, of which members share the following set of characters: head length short 22-31 % SL; often a brightly-coloured body; iris of the eye with iridescent green or blue patches; body elongate or slender; opercles parallel when head viewed dorsally; caudal-fin rays red or brown and contrasting with the iridescent interradial membranes; unpaired fins without an iridescent margin; opercle with red or blue vertical bars in males; dorsal-fin rays 0-II, 7-9; anal-fin rays II-V, 21-26.

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