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Pseudosphromenus cupanus (CUVIER, 1831)

Spiketail Paradisefish

February 23rd, 2014 — 5:02pm

This species is most easily told apart from its only congener P. dayi by lacking (vs. possessing) two dark, irregular lateral stripes on the head and body, and a shorter caudal-fin in males.

The results of phylogenetic analyses by RĂ¼ber et al. (2006) suggest that Pseudosphromenus is most closely-related to Malpulutta in an evolutionary sense.

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Barilius canarensis (JERDON, 1849)

October 4th, 2012 — 10:49am

Type locality is ‘Canara, southern India’, which corresponds to a coastal region of approximately 300 km in length covering several districts of Karnataka and Kerala states, southwestern India.

Rivers in this area drain the Western Gha…

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Xenentodon cancila (HAMILTON, 1822)

Freshwater Needlefish

March 13th, 2012 — 1:22pm

X. cancila is often seen referred to as ‘freshwater garfish’, and although it does superficially resemble the true gars of the family Lepisosteidae, it’s actually a member of the Belonidae, or needlefishes, the majority of which are marine or estuarine in existence.

There are currently just two species in the genus although the probable existence of a third member has been noted by Roberts (1989) among oth…

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Etroplus suratensis (BLOCH, 1790)

Green Chromide

March 13th, 2012 — 1:18pm

This species is euryhaline and mostly inhabits brackish estuaries, coastal lagoons and the lower reaches of rivers.

It also occurs in freshwater habitats, however, including a number of inland lakes in Sri Lanka although it appears to have been introduced intentionally.

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