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Gastromyzon ctenocephalus ROBERTS, 1982

March 13th, 2012 — 1:25pm

One of the more commonly-traded members of the genus and often found in mixed shipments which may contain other Gastromyzon spp. or related fishes like Beaufortia kweichowensis, these often labelled collectively as ‘Borneo sucker’, ‘Hong Kong pleco’, ‘butterfly loach’, etc. It’s sometimes misidentified as G. punctulatus, a species not currently traded which possesses yellow finnage and a lighter-coloured, less-intensely spotted body.

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Trigonopoma pauciperforatum (WEBER & DE BEAUFORT, 1916)

Glowlight Rasbora

March 13th, 2012 — 1:23pm

This species is also sold as the ‘redline’ rasbora which is something of a misnomer as in reality the colour of the lateral stripe that gives rise to the name can vary from deep orange to golden depending upon the collection locality of the fish as well as diet, condition, and even mood. Some specimens also have a second, darkish stripe beneath the other which seems to vary in length and intensity depending on a similar array of factors. Older fish tend to possess a greater degree of black edging to the scales, especially in the ventral portion of the body.

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Barbodes kuchingensis (HERRE, 1940)

False Spanner Barb

March 13th, 2012 — 1:23pm

This species is rarely-exported for the aquarium hobby but is available on occasion. The name ‘P.kuchingensis is frequently misapplied, however, with subadult forms of ‘P.everetti and some populations of the geographically-variable ‘P.lateristriga regularly traded as such, for example.

Though closely-affiliated with and superficially very similar to…

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Brachygobius doriae (GÜNTHER, 1868)

Bumblebee Goby

March 13th, 2012 — 1:22pm

This species is among the more frequently-traded members of the genus, although confusion regarding its identification and natural distribution is commonplace and it’s often misidentified as B. nunus or B. xanthozonus.

It can be diagnosed as follows: <30 lateral scales; one black band on head, three on body; first black band on body overlapping first dorsal fin to the extent that almost all fin, except a narrow margin, is black, and beginning opposite centre of opercle...

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Bagrichthys macracanthus (BLEEKER, 1854)

Black Lancer

March 13th, 2012 — 1:21pm

The vernacular name ‘lancer’ is derived from the extended dorsal spine possessed by several members of the genus, which currently contains 7 species. Among them B. macracanthus is most similar to B. majusculus and B. vaillantii but can be told apart from the former by possession of shorter pectoral spines (13.3 – 16.2% SL vs. 15.8 – 20.7%), shorter adipose fin (46.0 – 58.0% SL vs. 38.8 – 45.8%), less deep caudal peduncle (7.1 – 7.5% SL vs. 5.6-7.0%) and larger adult size. From B. vaillantii it di…

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Barbodes everetti (BOULENGER, 1894)

March 13th, 2012 — 1:19pm

This species is uncommon in the aquarium hobby, although the scientific name is widely misapplied to Barbodes dunckeri, a similar-looking species native to Peninsular Malaysia and Singapore commonly referred to as ‘clown barb’ and labelled as B. everetti in the majority of available literature. The two are quite easy to tell apart, with B. everetti an overall less…

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Datnioides polota (HAMILTON, 1822)

Silver Tiger Perch

March 13th, 2012 — 1:18pm

D. polota is sometimes referred to as D. quadrifasciatus (Sevastianov, 1809) but the original name of the latter, Chaetodon quadrifasciatus Sevastianov, 1809, is a junior primary homonym of the older Chaetodon quadrifasciatus Bloch & Schneider 1801, thus Coius polota Hamilton, 1822 takes precedence.

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Belontia hasselti (CUVIER, 1831)

Java Combtail

March 13th, 2012 — 1:18pm

This species is also referred to by the vernacular name 'Malay combtail'. In terms of external characters it differs most obviously from its only congener, B. signata by its overal brownish grey (vs. reddish) body colouration and presence of a mosaic-type patterning in the unpaired fins (vs. absence).

The position of relatedness of the genus Belontia with respect to other anabantoids remains somewhat…

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