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Leporellus vittatus (VALENCIENNES, 1850)

February 27th, 2013 — 12:02pm

Type locality is given simply as ‘Amazon River, Brazil’ and according to current thinking this species has a huge natural range encompassing the Amazon River system in Brazil and Peru plus the Paraná-Paraguay drainage in southern Brazil and Paraguay and rio São Francisco basin in southern Brazil.

Specimens in our images were collected fro…

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Apistogramma eremnopyge READY & KULLANDER, 2004


March 26th, 2012 — 9:36am

Known only from Loreto region in northeastern (Amazonian) Peru.

Type locality is ‘Río Pintuyacu, 48 kilometers on road from Iquitos to Nauta, Río Itaya drainage, Province Loreto, Peru’ and it’s also been recorded from tributaries of the Nanay system in the same area.

An additional population is known from the Río Tapiche, a tributary of the Río Ucayali located well over 150 km further south.

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Ageneiosus ucayalensis CASTELNAU, 1855

March 13th, 2012 — 1:26pm

Apparently this species is polymorphic with body patterning varying significantly depending on locality. Individuals collected from black water habitats tend to be noticeably darker in overall colouration, for example, with this being particularly evident among populations from the Guiana Shield.

The genus Ageneiosus was at one point classified in…

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Otocinclus cocama REIS, 2004

Zebra Oto

March 13th, 2012 — 1:24pm

This stunning miniature Loricariid has only been available in the hobby since 2001, and was described to science in 2004. As with other otos, it can be a little delicate when first imported and should be quarantined carefully until it's settled.

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Thoracocharax stellatus (KNER, 1858)

Spotfin Hatchetfish

March 13th, 2012 — 1:23pm

T. stellatus is superficially similar to its only congener T. securis, but can immediately be identified by the presence (vs. absence) of a prominent dark spot in the dorsal-fin. It is sometimes traded as ‘platinum hatchetfish’.

The genus Thoracocharax was originally erected by Fowler in 1906 as a subgenus of Gasteropelecus, but was elevated to generic status by Weitzman (1960).

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Carnegiella strigata (GÜNTHER, 1864)

Marbled Hatchetfish

March 13th, 2012 — 1:23pm

C. strigata is an enduringly popular species in the aquarium hobby but is not bred on a commercial basis with all fish offered for sale collected in the wild.

It can be told apart from other members of the genus by its larger adult size and dark, marbled colour pattern appearing as a series of dark and light stripes running diagonally across the body below the lateral line.

This colour pattern is variable and popul…

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Rhaphiodon vulpinus SPIX & AGASSIZ, 1829


March 13th, 2012 — 1:23pm

R. vulpinus is the most widely-distributed member of the family Cynodontidae.

Type locality is given simply as ‘Brazilian rivers’, but this species is currently understood to be distributed in the Amazon basin from the Río Ucayali system in Peru, eastward as far as the rio Xingu in Brazil, plus the rio Tocantins and Rio Capim basins.

It’s also known from the Río Orinoco ba…

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Laetacara thayeri (STEINDACHNER, 1875)

March 13th, 2012 — 1:23pm

This species is relatively rare in the aquarium trade.

It can be differentiated from all congeners by a combination of possessing ctenoid (vs. cycloid) scales on the sides of the head plus lacking a dark spot at the caudal-fin base.

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Hyphessobrycon peruvianus LADIGES, 1938

Peruvian Tetra

March 13th, 2012 — 1:23pm

This species is available on a relatively regular basis, although it’s sometimes confused with the similar-looking congeners H. loretoensis and H. metae.

It can be identified via the following combination of characters as per Géry (1977): elongate in shape with body depth fitting 3.8-3.9 times in its standard length; caudal peduncle narrow, its depth fitting 1.8 times in its length; head short, interorbital broad, snout short and rounded; dorsal-fin insertion an…

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Corydoras virginiae BURGESS, 1993

Miguelito Cory

March 13th, 2012 — 1:23pm

This species is sometime referred to as ‘Virginia’s catfish’, Corydoras sp. ‘Sangama’ or ‘Zangama’, and prior to description was misidentified as both Corydoras bicolor and C. delphax.

Unfortunately additional diagnostic characters cannot be provided since we’ve been unable to obtain the type description, and little has been written about this species since it was published.

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