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Corydoras lacrimostigmata TENCATT, BRITTO & PAVANELLI, 2014


Corydoras: from the Ancient Greek κόρυς (korus), meaning ‘helmet’, and δορά (dora), meaning ‘skin, hide of an animal’, in allusion to the rows of bony plates on the flanks of genus members.

lacrimostigmata: from the Latin lacrĭma, meaning ‘tear’, and ‘stigmata‘, meaning ‘marks’, in allusion to the diffuse dark stripe between the corner of the mouth and anterior margin of the orbit, and the drop-shaped dark blotch on the posterior portion of the infraorbital, which resemble teardrops.


Order: Siluriformes Family: Callichthyidae


Known only from the rio Ivaí basin, a tributary of the rio Paraná in Paraná state, southern Brazil.

Type locality is ‘Brazil, Paraná, Cândido de Abreu, rio Maria Flora, tributary to rio Ubazinho, rio Ivaí basin, 24º36’32”S 51º15’32”W’.

Maximum Standard Length

The largest specimen known to date measured 34.3 mm.

Aquarium SizeTop ↑

Minimum base dimensi0ns of 60 ∗ 30 cm or equivalent are recommended.


Corydoras spp. are foraging omnivores, and most will accept sinking dried foods as well as small live and frozen varieties such as chironomid larvae (bloodworm), Tubifex, etc.

Feeding a varied diet will ensure the fish are in optimum condition.

Under no circumstances should they be expected to survive on ‘left-overs’ from other inhabitants of the aquarium or relied on to ‘clean’ the aquarium.

Behaviour and CompatibilityTop ↑

Peaceful and gregarious. Should be maintained in a group of at least 4-6 individuals.

NotesTop ↑

This species can be distinguished from all congeners by the following combination of characters: presence of three nasal pores; four to six small rounded black blotches along the centre of the flank.

It is most similar to C. flaveolus Ihering 1911, but can be distinguished by possessing fewer serrations on the posterior margin of the pectoral-fin spine (16-19 vs. 27-36) and on the posterior margin of the dorsal-fin spine (7-10 vs. 15-22), and by the presence of weakly-developed (vs. well-developed) simple (vs. both and bifid) serrations on the posterior margin of the pectoral-fin spine. In C. lacrimostigmata the snout is slightly pointed and dorsal profile of the head gradually concave (vs. roughly rounded and abruptly concave), the outer mental barbel is short and distant from the gill opening (vs. long, reaching or extending slightly beyond the anteroventral limit of the gill opening), the overall body shape is slender (vs. robust), the anterior internal process of the basipterygium is relatively thin (vs. relatively thick), the external anterior and the dorsal ischiac processes of the basipterygium are distant (vs. close together or even fused), dark spots are present only on the snout tip and dorsal surface of the head in some individuals (vs. always present from the snout tip to the dorsal-fin base),  and the flanks, dorsal and caudal fins are weakly (vs. densely) patterned with spots and bars.

There is some evidence that C. lacrimostigmata has evolved a mimetic relationship with the syntopic crenuchid Characidium heirmostigmata Graça & Pavanelli 2008, with the two species possessing comparable colour patterns and forming mixed aggregations in nature.

The genus Corydoras is among the largest catfish groups and currently contains over 150 valid species.

It is included in the family Callichthyidae, of which members are often referred to collectively as ‘armoured’ or ‘mailed’ catfishes group due to the presence of bony plates in place of scales on the body.

Their taxonomy can be confusing, and numerous undescribed species are also thought to exist. Fish of unconfirmed identification entering the aquarium hobby are therefore typically assigned a ‘C’ or ‘CW’ number for purposes of reference and organisation.

They are facultative air breathers and possess a modified, highly vascularised intestine which has evolved to facilitate uptake of atmospheric oxygen and aid survival in oxygen-deprived environments. In the aquarium you’ll occasionally see them rising to the surface to take in gulps of air.

The stiffened pectoral-fin spines are capable of piercing human skin and a ‘sting’ can be very painful indeed, so care should be exercised when handling them.

It is thought that secretions from the axillary glands at the base of each spine may even be mildly toxic or venomous.


  1. Tencatt, L. F. C., M. R. Britto and C. S. Pavanelli, 2014 - Neotropical Ichthyology 12(1): 89-96
    A new species of Corydoras Lacépède, 1803 (Siluriformes: Callichthyidae) from the upper rio Paraná basin, Brazil.
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